Members of the Adas Israel Synagogue, Duluth, Minnesota

Adas Israel was formed in the 1890s by members of the Moses Montefiore congregation, an earlier Orthodox congregation comprised of Lithuanian Jews. By the turn of the century, there were close to 1,500 Jews living in Duluth, most of who were Russian or Eastern European. The men in the picture were observing Simchas Torah, the holiday marking the end of the weekly cycle of Torah readings.

~ Photo Credit: University of Minnesota Libraries, Nathan and Theresa Berman Upper Midwest Jewish Archives

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